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Andersen Johannes C. 1907. Māori life in Ao-tea. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited.

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Chapter 8. Tattooing. Black dye for face from fallen kahikatea; as it decayed the kapara (resinous veins) would be collected to be burnt into soot (awe) for making the moko permanent. For the body, a soot was obtained by burning awheto (vegetable caterpillar) - dye not sufficiently black for face.

Chapter 22. Weaving and clothing. Note myth on aute. Marama brought and planted some trees, but through an indiscretion with a slave, the aute turned into a tree called whau. Dyes: Black = hīnau, tōwai, pōkākā. Red-brown = toatoa, tānekaha. Deep, dull yellow = karamū. Brighter yellow = raurēkau. Bluish-black = tutu. Processes explained. Andersen describes several varieties of flax, his source being the Catalogue on Phormium tenax prepared by the Flax Commission for an exhibition in 1871. Information is written under individual flax cultivars.

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Māori life in Ao-tea

Andersen Johannes C.
Whitcombe and Tombs Limited

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12 June 2007
18 June 2020
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