Brachyglottis repanda. Rangiora.
Taylor 1855 describes pukerangiora as a larger variety of rangiora; "the leaf is often nearly a foot long by nearly the same breadth: it produces resin".
Taylor 1855 gives the name rangiora for Melicope ternata, and pukerangiora for Melicope simplex. Descriptions of Melicope and Brachyglottis species appear confused by Taylor. These names for Melicope are not supported by others (eg Best, Williams, Beever or modern Maori dictionaries)
Fishing and hunting
Kōuaha gum gathered, preserved in paua shells, rubbed on seizing of hooks to preserve them. Also prevented shank from rusting (Matthews 1911).
Gum obtained through incisions in bark - put in oil, heated for scent. For making pomades, etc. (Best 1942).
Leaves applied to old sores but do not appear to have any particular effect (Kirk, in Taylor 1870).
Used for wounds and old ulcerated sores (Colenso 1868a).
Leaves bruised or mashed and mixed with olive oil and used as a poultice on boils (S. Neil 1941).
Rotorua Māori used resin as masticatory (Best 1942).
Chemical constituents in Cambie 1976, with references.
Leaves poisonous to stock. Honey poisonous (Aston 1923a).
"The best treatment for a horse (if he be not too far gone with the poison) is to saddle up and run him for a couple of hours hard, and the effects of the poison will work out." (O'Carroll 1884)
Matthews, quoted in Best 1942, stated that gum is poisonous. Best suggests it may have been subject to a purification process before being used.
Toxin is especially concentrated in the growing tips (Connor 1977).
Used in game called topa, koke or niu ( Best 1925 p.167).