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Monkhouse William Brougham. Appendix IV In: Beaglehole J. C. 1955. The Journals of Captain James Cook on his Voyages of Discovery. The Voyage of the Endeavour 1768 - 1771. Cambridge University Press for the Hakluyt Society.

Reference document

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p.575: Offer of kūmara, taro ("Arum roots" )and yams.

pp.578-579: on the Heretaunga Plains, Monkhouse describe groves of trees "which had very much the appearance of plantations" The following description sounds like karaka groves, apart from the height of the trees (80 ft). Beaglehole in a footnote decides the trees were kahikatea.

p.583 Tologa (Teegadu) Bay. : Plenty of a kind of wild parsley. "But the Cultivations were truely astonishing". Kūmara, taro and yam gardens described.

p.585 Monkhouse described fernroot being processed:

"... he had a quantity of roots each about nine inches long, a flat large pebble, and a wooden mallet by him - some of these roots were roasting upon the fire he attended and turned them till they were thoroughly heated - he then beat them, one at a time, doubled and beat them again, and when fully softned he threw them to the Chiefs...."

"at another place........ they chewed them for a considerable time and then spit them out: this was an evenings amusement"

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p.566: description of garment worn by Māori man killed by Cook"s men in Poverty Bay.

pp.572-573: Monkhouse goes on to describe 2 other sorts of cloaks. Saw 2 cloaks of "very strong manufacture, closely wove and the threads appear to be all twined". Some had borders on the bottom "worked in diamonds some half black, half white, others half black half brown or cinnamon colour; the disposition of these colours was made with very just taste. Some of these Ahous had, also, two or three threads of black in the warp disposed at wide distances. Some were very fine and Silky and of a bright flaxen Colour, which seems to be the proper colour of the fibres of the plant when in a state fit to manufacture. The third sort of Ahou seemed to be made of the Cloth Plant coarsely beat out or of a kind of narrow Sedge or course grass - was manufactured much like the second, with this difference, that the ends of the stuff about a foot long were left out so as to form a thick covering layer over layer, and very much resembled what Seamen call thrum-Matts. In this last sort our friends made a most strange figure - an old goat with overgrown shag could not look half so rough and Winterlike.

Some cloaks lined at the lower corners with a bit of dogs skin with the hair on.

Other references to garments on pp. 575, 580, 583 (reference to a cloak dyed black, and garments of "unbeaten hemp"), 584, 586-587.

p.577: Hawkes Bay, "Otaheite Ahou" (tapa cloth) thrown to Māori in canoes.

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p.578: Use of gourd for boat bailer. In Teegadu Bay (p.585), some houses ornamented with gourd plants in flower

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p.573 "Several had a flatted [footnote: sic, but perhaps "platted" is meant] oval Shaped ball which had been thoroughly soaked in oil and contained some resinous or gummy substance within, not ungrateful to the smell, and about the size of a chicken egg, hung round their neck by way of amulet shall I say? - I shou'd consider it as a nosegay."

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Monkhouse was the surgeon on the Endeavour. Detailed descriptions of interaction with Māori.

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Appendix IV

Monkhouse William Brougham
Beaglehole J. C.

The Voyage of the Endeavour 1768 - 1771

Cambridge University Press for the Hakluyt Society

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12 June 2007
10 July 2020
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