Passiflora tetrandra. Kōhia. New Zealand passionfruit.
KŌHIA, kāhia, kohe, kaimanu, kūpapa, pōwhiwhi (Taylor records pōwiwi ); aka (the vine of a number of climbing plants) thus: akakaikū, akakaikūkū, akakūkū , akakaimanu, akakōhia, akatororaro . Also pōhue, pōhuehue, pōpōhue (names given to several climbing or trailing plants).
Oil from fruit: hinu-kōhia
Fishing and hunting
"..the seeds are embedded in a crimson pulp, and from them the natives formerly pressed oil" (Taylor 1847)
Oils valued for armourer, watchmaker (Reed and Brett"s 1874 ; Kirk, in Taylor 1870).
Seeds crushed, then steamed in an umu-kōhia, oil obtained by pressure (Best 1942).
Trunk stem used by travellers to carry fire (Colenso 1868a).
Stem cut green, allowed to become quite dry - would smoulder when set alight. Used by travellers (Best 1907).
Used for lashing handles to adzes, aka torotoro (Best 1912 p.162).
Oil from seeds - mentioned by many authors.
Seeds - oil used as salve for obstinate wounds, sore breasts (Brett's Colonists' Guide 1883).
Goldie 1904: 69 : [for hakihaki, that is, scabies or the itch] some relief was doubtless obtained from an ointment or salve prepared by drying certain parts of the kohu-kohu (Pittosporum obcordatum) in the sun, pounding them into a dust, and finally mixing it into a paste with hinu-kōhia oil..."
Seed oil also applied to chronic sores, chapped nipples.
A decoction of harakeke root with an equal portion of the juice of the kōhia berry is taken internally for flatulence. (Goldie 1904).
Related pharmacology in Brooker, Cambie and Cooper 1987.
See Riley 1994 for information on medicinal uses of related plants elsewhere in the world.