Agathis australis. Kauri.
Fishing and hunting
Wallace 1989 found 59 fernroot beaters, 4 mauls, 5 aute beaters, and 2 weapons made from branch heartwood of kauri, among museum artefacts he tested. Also a ko, 2 hoto, 4 wakahuia from timber.
Timber tree - boats, houses, cabinetmaking. (N.B. - Extensive details on colonial timber uses and on kauri gum trade generally not part of this database).
Resin, building qualities lauded by Nicholas 1817. Used in house timbers, carvings.
Gum scraped to powder, applied with olive oil to burns (Adams 1945).
Related pharmacology in Brooker, Cambie and Cooper 1987
See Riley 1994 for information on medicinal uses of related plants elsewhere in the world.
"Puritia to ngarahu kauri! Keep (to thyself) thy kauri-resin soot!
This saying was used when a person was unwillling to give what was asked, the same being some common thing and not at all needed by the owner.
Soot from burning kauri-resin...was carefully collected in a very peculiar manner and ony by much pains, and buried in the earth placed in a hollowed soft-stone, where it was kept for years, and said to improve in quality by age; it was used as a black pigment in tattooing. But there is a double meaning here, viz.: You may never require it, or live to use it!" (Colenso 1879: 144)