Very young, succulent and mucilaginous shoots eaten (Colenso 1880).
In John White 1887, vol iii, p3: Rata fells a tree, which the forest folk reerect on its stump, because their consent had not been obtained. Rata acknowledges this and says, "What you say is right; but I have a desire to make a canoe for myself, in which to go and avenge the death of my grandfather, who was killed by Pou-a-hao-kai (or Pou-a-ho-kai) and Matuku-tangotango." They answered, "It is well. Cut the tree down, and when it is felled go and get some pare-tao (Asplenium), and cover the stump with it. Then you may adze the trunk for a canoe." He did as instructed and made his canoe.....
Best 1907 (p.250) records this tradition, and also says "A Ngati-Awa note in my note-book says that when a canoe was dubbed out in the forest, fronds of the mauku fern were fastened thereon, though the meaning of the act is not explained"